Search Public Records
Please enter first name
Please enter last name
Please choose a state
Please enter a valid phone number
Please enter a house number
Please enter a street name
Please enter a city
Please choose a state

Vermont Warrant Search

Warrants in the state of Vermont are documentation that allows law enforcement agencies to carry out an arrest of an individual. These orders are issued by judges from one of the state courts, and they rely on probable cause that an offense has been committed. A warrant search in Vermont can assist one in determining if there is an outstanding warrant for their arrest. It is possible to determine if this is the case by utilizing the Vermont Crime Information Center, the main repository for these records. Alternatively, interested parties can contact the state police for more details on the warrant. Either way, one can use an online approach or physically visit their offices. The downside of checking the warrant in person is being arrested by an officer in the process of information seeking. Typically, warrant searches are available to the public. 


However, according to 13 VSA section 8102, there may be limitations to warrant disclosures. 

According to Rule 4 on Summons or arrest warrants on indictment from the rules of criminal procedure, no summons can be issued in information unless the officer finds probable cause to believe a crime has been committed by the defendant. The finding the probable cause, though, is based on significant evidence, which can be a statement as a whole or part. That is provided that the statement is credible and has a substantial basis to believe it is factual. Before the decision on a request for a summons or a warrant issuing, the judge will need the law enforcement officer and the affiants to appear in person, and they may examine the pledge the officer produces. 


Witnesses for the prosecuting officer may also be required to present themselves, and any proceeding will be taken down by recording equipment. The judicial officer will also make a summary which will become part of the affidavit that constitutes the warrant. 

That is if it interferes with an ongoing criminal investigation or the ability of one to go through an objective trial. If one has an active warrant for their arrest, it would be essential to take action immediately. That depends on the crime's severity; one can turn themselves in to the authorities though this is not legally advisable. The best option would be to consult with a lawyer and have them be the go-between for surrendering to the authorities. In this case, though, if one is caught during a random traffic stop or in public, any benefits or leniency that could be had by surrendering are forfeited. 


According to state law, the warrant will describe the information to be attained by specifying the person’s identity, address, and the time when it should be executed in some cases. It also contains the specific property or building that law enforcement officers can search and the time period. Information on the probable cause for the warrant may be indicated as well. If the warrant does not have this information, it may lose legitimacy. One can challenge the warrant, especially if it does not have some of the details considering law enforcement officers are required to give suspects a copy of the warrant. 


How Long Does a Warrant Stay Active in Vermont?

In cases of bench and arrest warrants, these remain active for an indefinite period until the specified person is taken into custody. It means the warrant does not expire, so agencies can make an arrest at any time, regardless of when a Vermont court issued the warrant. The reason for this is law enforcement officers need to be able to make an arrest regardless of the time that has passed after issuance and the time of day. Often law enforcement may not actively search for the person named in the warrant. However, technological assets have improved the search process, so facial recognition and fingerprinting have made tracking and apprehending a suspect easier. It may take time, but eventually, the suspect will be taken into custody if they interact with the law. That is the case even if they are caught outside state lines because they can be extradited to Vermont.’


Search warrants and those for tracking devices, though, have an expiration. In Vermont, the officer must serve the warrant within a specific time that should not exceed ten days from when it is issued. Similarly, the warrant should be executed between 6 am and 10 pm unless the judge has authorized that it can be done at other times. Even in these cases, there should be probable cause to show why this is necessary. For a tracking device, the warrant mandates that the officer completes all installations warranted within ten days. The installation should also be done between 6 am and 10 pm unless the judicial officer, because of probable cause, has mandated it is done at another time. Probable cause for search warrants is when a law enforcement or health officer has sufficient reason to believe that a public hazard may exist on the premises and must be dealt with immediately. 


What Are the Most Common Warrants in Vermont?

Warrants in Vermont are categorized as orders to bring a person into custody or to search premises and property provided there is probable cause from a criminal investigation. These warrants can be issued because of suspected involvement though they are not a confirmation that the person did participate in the activity. 


Arrest Warrants in Vermont

Arrest warrants, according to state law, are issued in the same form of summons with the exception that it is directed to law enforcement officers. They also have the name of the defendant, names, and descriptions. The warrant will command that the defendant be arrested and brought to the authorities without delay. According to state statute 13 VSA, law enforcement may arrest an individual without requiring a warrant if the officer at the scene has confirmed the violation. If there is probable cause as well to determine that the person is guilty of a crime, they may arrest them.


Typically the arrest warrant is issued by a judge or a magistrate and contains identifying information on the offender. That is the person’s date of birth, name, date of issuance, the judge’s signature, and a written order for the arrest. If the arrest warrant does not have any of this information, then it is considered invalid. Arrest warrants in Vermont are accompanied by a summoning. The courts may mail the summons to the defendant, while the judge gives law enforcement officers the warrant to detain the suspect. 


Bench Warrants in Vermont 

A bench warrant occurs when a person fails to appear in court for a summon. The word Bench is a term meant that illustrates the seat that the judge ordered it from. For example, police officers can make a traffic stop and issue a ticket for over-speeding or another violation. The person receiving the ticket will be mandated to go to traffic court. If the person does not appear in court, the case will be marked as ‘called and failed.’ A failure to appear charge will be issued against the offender, which results in a bench warrant. 


If the person is arrested on a bench warrant during another stop, they can post bail before release. The judge will then set a new court date to continue the trial. Depending on the county, the Clerk of the Courts will also send a notice indicating the outstanding warrant. There are cases where the person is taken into custody without notice, though. Considering the offenses that initiate a bench warrant are not severe, law enforcement does not typically perform an aggressive search for the offender with this type of warrant. Though, if they come across the person in their daily rounds or a traffic stop, they must take them into custody. 


Child Support Warrant in Vermont 

Child support warrants are ordered upon the failure of the non-custodial parent to honor their obligation to the child. To evaluate the amount of child support that needs to be paid, both parents have to submit information concerning their expenses and income during a divorce. The courts will then utilize the information to calculate the amount of child support paid. The parent who does not have custody usually pays the child support, though. Alternatively, it can be decided as the parent that spends less than 50 % of the time with the child that pays the support. 


Either parent may also be tasked with paying it though it can also depend on the number of children involved. Should the noncustodial parent’s income be less than the lowest income figure within the support guideline as indicated under section 654, or is less than the self-support reserve, then the court may require a nominal support amount every month. If the non-custodial parent does not pay the required child support consecutively or for a designated period, there are different ways to remedy the situation. Typically seizure of the tax funds, suspending their driver’s license, or wage garnishment. A warrant for the individual’s arrest may also be issued. The police then detain the parent who does not honor the court order and presents them to the jurisdictional court so there is a hearing. Following the trial, if the person is convicted, they may be issued with a fine of $1000 or a prison term that is not more than six months. 

Search Warrant in Vermont 

Search warrants refer to an authorization by a judge in the state allowing law enforcement agents to search a person, their home, or property regarding the collection of evidence. These are petitioned by law enforcement officers when there is probable cause to believe the individual has contraband or evidence which would be crucial to an investigation. In Rule 41 of Search and seizure, the judicial officer can issue a warrant. The grounds for issuance are that there is evidence of the commission of a crime, contraband, fruits of criminal activities, weapons, or other things by which the crime has been committed. It may also be probable cause that a person has been kidnapped or restrained within the person of interest’s home against the state's laws. 


According to Vermont state law, the enforcement officer must also execute the warrant in ten days. It should also be done within a specific time frame between 6 am and 10 pm. If there are exigent circumstances, the judicial officer may approve the warrant taking place at other times but within the ten-day limit. If, on review of the warrant and a consideration of the information given under oath, the judge decides to reject the warrant application, they will indicate on it the reason why and sign. 

No-knock Warrant

No-knock warrants in Vermont are a form of search warrant where law enforcement officers do not announce their presence before entering the premises. This occurs in fluid or unpredictable situations where there is probable cause to believe that knocking would not yield the desired result. The suspect may become aggressive and attack the officers with weapons causing bodily harm or death. Alternatively, announcing the officer’s presence may result in the suspect trying to get rid of the evidence as quickly as possible. Judges in Vermont, though, require probable cause before approving a no-knock warrant based on these criteria. 


How to Perform Warrant Search in Vermont

The easiest way to do a warrant search is via the Vermont Criminal Information Center, as it is the main database for criminal records in the state. Interested parties can do a warrant search by requesting it from the VCIC as part of the individual’s criminal record. That is by filling out the designated form link. Once completed, these can be mailed to the Criminal Records Section of the VCIC along with a self-addressed envelope with a money order to the Department of Public Safety of $30. Alternatively, it is possible to perform a warrant search by using the Vermont State Police online service. The parties can also go to a police station to do the warrant search, but it would be advisable to do it remotely if it is a personal search. If a warrant is outstanding for an individual’s arrest, the police may immediately arrest the person if they find this is the case. The best alternative is to consult an attorney who will offer the best approach for surrendering to the authorities.

Counties in Vermont